After an armed and civil uprising ended Muammar al Qadhafi’s regime in late 2011, the authorities have had difficulties to address pressing security issues, reshape the country’s public finances, or create a viable framework for post-conflict justice and reconciliation. Thus, since 2014, non-state armed groups have disrupted Libya’s political transition. In 2017, continued political instability, ongoing-armed conflict in Libya, particularly internal struggles between local militias, and the collapse of economy, have led to deteriorating living conditions and reduced access to essential services in most of the country. Civilians continue to suffer from unsafe living conditions, with little or no access to health care services, essential medicines, safe drinking water, shelter and education.
By today, the whole population is affected by the armed conflict and the lack of a functioning government, and 1.1 million people in Libya will still need humanitarian assistance in 2018. The complex humanitarian crisis is primarily driven by the absence of the rule of law, lack of access to basic services, displacement of population, the collapse of the economic system and the financial crisis.
In late 2017, suffering from armed combats for several years, Benghazi area was hosting about 45.000 internally displaced people (IDP) coming from different areas in Libya, and 147.000 returnees. Benghazi appears to be, with Tripoli, one of the two main cities to host the more IDPs. Otherwise, while the political situation in Libya remains tumultuous, new patterns of displacement are occurring, with a growing trend of returns reported in the East, and especially in Benghazi. Benghazi and its surroundings appear to be particularly vulnerable locations due to the high damage inflicted by three years of heavy clashes.
The violation of human rights and humanitarian law, including violations of the right to life, and of children and women’s rights, are widespread, including of Gender-based Violence. There are alarming levels of gender-based violence and grave violations of child and women’s rights in the current context.
In the Southeast of the country, the tensions between the Tebu and the Zway tribes seriously affects the health system and the access to basic services. Tribe communities, when they are a minority in the area, are suffering from segregation in most of Al kufra’s institutions, including health care facilities. This occurs in a context of underdevelopment and poverty that exacerbates the impact of the conflict on the population in the region. Indeed, this area has been suffering, even before the conflict, from a poor investment from the central government. However, few information are available on this area and its humanitarian needs due to a poor, if not almost inexistent, presence of NGOs.
The “basic needs response” coordinator ensures the monitoring of qualitative and operational aspects of the mission’s «basic needs response» programmes on a day-to-day basis. He/She technically supervises the project managers of «basic needs response» projects jointly with the relevant field coordinators/Deputy Field Coordinators in the bases. The basic needs department is a multi-sectorial department, focusing on WASH and shelter/NFI activities such as infrastructures rehabilitation and NFI/Hygiene Kits distribution to vulnerable populations.
Programmes: He/She coordinates the «basic needs response» teams jointly with the field cordinators/Deputy Field Coordinators, ensures the operational and qualitative aspects of programmes are put into practice properly (monitoring of objectives, respecting due dates and budgetary provisions, quality control).
Evaluation / Strategy / Development: He/She participates, for his technical sector, in creating an operational strategy and suggests new operations according to needs identified at base and mission level. He strongly participates (in coordination with other national coordinators and the relevant Field cordinators) in the design and implementation of assessments and in the design and overall project cycle management of all «basic needs response» projects at mission level.
Human resources: He/She supervises the technical component of the teams operating on «basic needs response» (participates in technical evaluations, helps defining technical objectives, written tests, interviews).
Representation: Upon delegation of the DHOM, He/She ensures and coordinates «basic needs response» representation at mission level with partners, donors and different authorities, participation to the working group.
Coordination: He/She ensures that information is efficiently communicated between the «basic needs response» teams and other teams (support, programs…) and he ensures a proper coordination and information sharing with other national level coordinators (Log, Admin…)
Logistical, administrative and financial monitoring: He/she coordinates with the Logistic and Administration coordinator for the procurement and Financial Follow up.